Handling Files Through Remote Server In Python

Selenium Python Robot Framework | Selenium Master
Handling Files Through Remote Server In Python

Many times Python developers want to handle files like Read. Write, Create and Update operations on files through a Remote Server on PC by Python Programming Language. Basically it is a challenge to the developers to work on Remote server and change the files but main problem is how we could do that, we have to understand the concept.

So, let’s  start our tutorial for this we are going to use Robot Framework Remote Server.But first we have to understand the concept of Robot Framework...

Robot Framework

 Robot Framework Tutorial - A complete example - codecentric AG Blog

Robot Framework remote servers allow hosting test libraries on different processes or machines than Robot Framework itself is running on. This project implements a generic remote server using the Python programming language. See the remote library interface documentation for more information about the remote interface in general as well as for a list of remote server implementations in other programming languages.


 ROBOT Framework with python

To install the Robot Framework we have to use pip :-

$ pip install robotremoteserver

Alternatively you can download the source distribution from PyPI, extract it and install the remote server using:

$ python setup.py install

Starting remote server

 Robot Framework | Xoriant Blog

The remote server can be started simply by creating an instance of the server and passing a test library instance or module to it, given below :-

from robotremoteserver import RobotRemoteServer
from mylibrary import MyLibrary


By default the server listens to address and port 8270. As discussed above, the remote server accepts various configuration parameters. Some of them are used by this example which is given below :-

from robotremoteserver import RobotRemoteServer
from examplelibrary import ExampleLibrary

RobotRemoteServer(ExampleLibrary(), host='', port=0,

Starting from version 0.1, the server can be initialized without starting it by using the argument serve=False. The server can then started afterwards by calling its serve method explicitly. This example is functionally equivalent to the example above:

from robotremoteserver import RobotRemoteServer
from examplelibrary import ExampleLibrary

server = RobotRemoteServer(ExampleLibrary(), host='', port=0,
port_file='/tmp/remote-port.txt', serve=False)

Starting server by threading

 JavaFX app testing made simple with Python based Robot Framework

The main benefit of separately initializing and starting the server is that it makes it easier to start the server in a background thread. Servers started in a thread work exactly like servers running in the main tread except that stopping the server forcefully using Ctrl-C or signals is not supported automatically. Users must thus register signal handlers separately if needed.

import signal
import threading
from examplelibrary import ExampleLibrary
from robotremoteserver import RobotRemoteServer

server = RobotRemoteServer(ExampleLibrary(), port=0, serve=False)
signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, lambda signum, frame: server.stop())
server_thread = threading.Thread(target=server.serve)
while server_thread.is_alive():

Stopping remote server

 IF/ELSE: Making decisions

The remote server could be forcefully stopped using several different methods that we are going to use on the program :-

·         Hitting Ctrl-C on the console where the server is running. Not supported automatically if the server is started on a background thread.
·         Sending the process SIGINT, SIGTERM, or SIGHUP signal. Does not work on Windows and not supported if the server is started on a background thread.
·         Using Stop Remote Server keyword. Can be disabled by using allow_remote_stop=False when initializing the server.
·         Using stop_remote_server function in the XML-RPC interface. Can be disabled with the allow_remote_stop=False initialization parameter.
·         Running python -m robotremoteserver stop [uri] which uses the aforementioned stop_remote_server XML-RPC function internally. Can be disabled with the allow_remote_stop=False initialization parameter.
·         Using the stop_remote_server function provided by the robotremoteserver module similarly as when testing is server running. Uses the stop_remote_server XML-RPC function internally and can be disabled with the allow_remote_stop=False initialization parameter.
·         Calling the stop method of the running server instance. Mainly useful when running the server on background.

Test Is server running ?

 Initial step to start writing a test case using Robot Framework ...

Starting from the version 0.1, the robotremoteserver module supports for test your framework is running or not. This can be accomplished by running the module as a script with test argument and an optional URI:-

$ python -m robotremoteserver test
Remote server running at
$ python -m robotremoteserver test
No remote server running at

Starting from the version 0.1, the robotremoteserver module contains function test_remote_server that can be used programmatically:-

from robotremoteserver import test_remote_server

if test_remote_server('http://localhost:8270'):
print('Remote server running!')

The robotremoteserver module can be also used to stop a remote server by using stop argument on the command line or by using the stop_server function programmatically. Testing and stopping should work also with other Robot Framework remote server implementations.

Program to handle file remotly

 Demo of Robot Framework on Sauce Labs

from __future__ import print_function

import inspect
import os
import re
import select
import signal
import sys
import threading
import traceback

if sys.version_info < (3,):

from SimpleXMLRPCServer import SimpleXMLRPCServer
from StringIO import StringIO
from xmlrpclib import Binary, ServerProxy
from collections import Mapping
PY2, PY3 = True, False

from io import StringIO
from xmlrpc.client import Binary, ServerProxy
from xmlrpc.server import SimpleXMLRPCServer
from collections.abc import Mapping
PY2, PY3 = False, True
unicode = str
long = int

__all__ = ['Server', 'stop_server']
__version__ = '0.1'

BINARY = re.compile('[\x00-\x08\x0B\x0C\x0E-\x1F]')
NON_ASCII = re.compile('[\x80-\xff]')

class Server(object):
def main() :
remote_file_name = "home/value.txt"
local_file_name = "home/ubuntu/desktop/new.txt_from-remote"

cmd = 'python "' + squishinfo.testCase + '/../py_client.py"'
+ 'get "' + remote_file_name + '""' + local_file_name + '"'

result = OS.system(cmd)
if (result != 0) :
test.log("An error occurred")

local_file_name = "home/ubuntu/desktop/new.txt"
remote_file_name = "home/ubuntu/value.txt”
cmd = 'python "' + squishinfo.testCase + '/../py_remote_file_client.py"'
+ 'get "' + remote_file_name + '""' + local_file_name + '"'
result = OS.system(cmd)

if (result != 0) :
print("An error occurred")

def stop_server(uri, log=True):

logger = print if log else lambda message: None

if not test_remote_server(uri, log=False):
logger('No remote server running at %s.' % uri)
return True
logger('Stopping remote server at %s.' % uri)

if not ServerProxy(uri).stop_remote_server():
logger('Stopping not allowed!')
return False
return True

if __name__ == '__main__':

def parsing(script, *args):
actions = {'stop': stop_server}
if not (0 < len(args) < 3) or args[0] not in actions:
sys.exit('Usage:  %s {test|stop} [uri]' % os.path.basename(script))
uri = args[1] if len(args) == 2 else ''
if '://' not in uri:
uri = 'http://' + uri
return actions[args[0]], uri

action, uri = parse_args(*sys.argv)
success = action(uri)
sys.exit(0 if success else 1)

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